The project was implemented in five municipalities -- Dhankuta, Ghorahi, Lalitpur, Pokhara, and Tansen -- which met certain operating and maintenance requirements. The project aimed to build upon the municipalities’ existing systems and make them more sustainable, rather than developing new systems.
A landlocked country which is covered largely by hills and mountains, Nepal is one of the poorest countries in the world, where many people are isolated and without formal means of communication. Despite recent telecommunication sector reforms, rural areas have not been served.
In 2006, the government of Nepal requested support from the World Bank and GPOBA to promote biogas plants in rural areas and enhance the sustainability of the energy sector. A GPOBA grant was approved with the objective of increasing the number of households sustainably using biogas plants under the government’s existing BSP IV program.
With rapid urbanization, population growth, and new economic activity, municipal solid waste is increasing at alarming rates, and is expected to almost triple in low and lower middle income countries by 2025. At the same time, solid waste management (SWM) systems in most developing countries are underfunded and suffer from a lack of planning.