New Publication: Outcome-Based Financing for Service Delivery; With Key Considerations for the Recovery From COVID-19

To improve their effectiveness in fighting poverty, development practitioners have increasingly adopted outcome-based financing (OBF) approaches. This paper explores whether and how OBF can contribute to overcoming the enduring service financing and delivery challenges, while also supporting…

Date: 2021

Type: GPRBA Working Paper

Tags: Health, Other, Urban

Impact Bonds: Considerations for Investment Returns and Pricing of Outcomes

This paper offers an initial framing of the challenge to set the terms of investment and pricing,so that outcome payer organizations can begin to address questions regarding how to approach pricing outcomes in impact bonds. This paper is not intended as a step-by-step “how-to guide”. Each deal…

Date: 2019

Type: GPRBA Working Paper

Impact Bonds and Maximizing Finance for Development

This paper outlines the potential contributions of impact bonds to the World Bank Group’s Maximizing Finance for Development (MFD) approach. The MFD approach is in part a response by the World Bank Group to the 2030 Sustainable Development Agenda. This agenda calls for multilateral development…

Date: 2019

Type: GPRBA Working Paper

Tags: Public-Private Partnerships

Are They Really Being Served? Assessing Effective Infrastructure Access and Quality in 15 Kenyan Cities

"This paper proposes a framework that examines three levels of access to infrastructure -- nominal, effective, and quality-adjusted access. Most conventional indicators measure nominal access --whether a household has physical access to a service in or near the house. By contrast, effective…

Date: 2019

Type: GPRBA Working Paper

Analyzing the Use of Output-Based Aid (OBA) in Urban Transport

This report discusses the applicability of output-based aid (OBA) to the urban transport sector in cities of developing and emerging countries, and draws recommendations for the design of OBA-financed projects – and, more broadly, of output-oriented pro-poor projects – that address the issues…

Date: 2017

Type: GPRBA Working Paper

Tags: Urban Transport

The Use of Output-Based Aid in Small Scale Irrigation Schemes in Developing Countries

This report has been completed to explore the use of output-based aid (OBA) as a financing mechanism to support the development and operation of small-scale irrigation schemes in developing countries. The specific objectives of the report were to:
 

1. Evaluate the scope for OBA in…

Date: 2014

Type: GPRBA Working Paper

Tags: Climate Change, Other

Connection Charges and Electricity Access in Sub-Saharan Africa

Sub-Saharan Africa trails other regions in providing access to electricity for poor urban and rural residents. This poor performance can be linked to various factors, including political interference in utility policy, higher investment costs and lower profitability of extending service to rural…

Date: 2013

Type: GPRBA Working Paper

Tags: Energy

Lessons From Output-Based Aid For Leveraging Finance For Clean Energy

This working paper has been prepared as backgound documentation to support a number of efforts being undertaken by the World Bank and other multi-lateral and bi-lateral donors in middle- and low-income countries linking support to clean energy with the need to make such supports more effective…

Date: 2012

Type: GPRBA Working Paper

Tags: Energy, Climate Change

Access to Finance in Output-Based Aid

The purpose of this working paper is to outline some of the key issues related to Access to Finance (A2F) in Output-Based Aid (OBA). OBA is a results-based financing approach which aims to improve delivery of basic infrastructure and social services to the poor through targeted public funding…

Date: 2010

Type: GPRBA Working Paper

Tags: Other

Output-Based Aid for Sustainable Sanitation

Results-based financing (RBF) has emerged as an important new way of financing public services in general and basic services in particular. One type of RBF known as output-based aid (OBA) tends to be used to target subsidies for poor customers by providing service providers the incentives to serve…

Date: 2010

Type: GPRBA Working Paper

Tags: Water and Sanitation

Output-based Aid in Cambodia: Getting Private Operators and Local Communities to Help Deliver Water to the Poor - The Experience to Date

The output-based aid (OBA) OBA pilot in small towns in Cambodia, funded by the World Bank, was one of the first OBA water supply pilots to be initiated. The project was initially hailed as a success, but has not to date delivered the expected results, especially in terms of private sector…

Date: 2008

Type: GPRBA Working Paper

Tags: Water and Sanitation

Regulation of Water and Sanitation Services: Getting Better Service to Poor People

Output-based aid (OBA) approaches to improving water and sanitation service can work in a variety of circumstances. Such OBA schemes require an understanding of the impact of existing regulatory arrangements have on water services to poor customers. The design of OBA schemes should therefore…

Date: 2006

Type: GPRBA Working Paper

Tags: Water and Sanitation

Connecting Residential Households to Natural Gas: An Economic & Financial Analysis

The natural gas market has changed considerably in Egypt the country has evolved as a major international gas exporter. Industrial customers in the domestic market are increasingly relying on natural gas to meet their energy needs. Natural gas is already used as a major source of energy and…

Date: 2006

Type: GPRBA Working Paper

Tags: Energy

Lessons Learned in Infrastructure Services Provision: Reaching the Poor

A key measure of the effectiveness of public spending on infrastructure is the extent to which it benefits poor people. In recent years policymakers and development practitioners have increasingly sought to understand why earlier approaches to infrastructure development often bypassed the poor…

Date: 2006

Type: GPRBA Working Paper

Tags: Energy, Water and Sanitation

Techniques for Estimating the Fiscal Costs and Risks of Long-Term Output-Based Payments

Long-term commitments to make output-based payments for infrastructure can encourage private investors to provide socially valuable services. Making good decisions about such commitments is difficult, however, unless the government understands the fiscal costs and risks of possible commitments.…

Date: 2005

Type: GPRBA Working Paper

Tags: Other

Output-Based Aid - Supporting Infrastructure Delivery through Explicit and Performance-Based Subsidies

Increasing access to basic infrastructure and social services is critical to reducing poverty and achieving the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). However, increasing access is a challenge because of the gap between what it costs to deliver a desired level of service and what can be funded…

Date: 2005

Type: GPRBA Working Paper

Tags: Energy, Water and Sanitation

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Output-based Aid: Supporting Infrastructure Delivery Through Explicit and Performance-based Subsidies

Increasing access to basic infrastructure and social services is critical to reducing poverty and achieving the Millennium Development Goals. However, this is a challenge because of the gap between what it costs to deliver a desired level of service and what can be funded through user charges.…

Date: 2005

Type: GPRBA Working Paper

Tags: Other

Credit Enhancing Output-based Aid

This working paper presents options for using World Bank guarantee instruments to enhance the creditworthiness of government output-based aid (OBA) OBA payments to an infrastructure service provider. OBA payments are targeted, performance-based subsidies provided when full cost recovery through…

Date: 2005

Type: GPRBA Working Paper

Tags: Other

OBA Payment Mechanisms and Risk Mitigation

The paper attempts to put the observations made within Mozambique into a broader context, reflecting a wider range of payment mechanisms that have either been employed, or else could be considered, to transfer output-based aid (OBA) subsidies. It hopes to advance the understanding of the…

Date: 2004

Type: GPRBA Working Paper

Tags: Other

Designing OBA When There is an Incumbent

This working paper aims to provide practical guidance to Government officials and others who are asked to design Output Based Aid (OBA) projects in situations in which there is an existing supplier. The focus is on water and electricity projects where there is a request for development of an OBA…

Date: 2003

Type: GPRBA Working Paper

Tags: Other