This case study is part of a series to highlight project components that have enabled GPRBA to successfully deploy results-based finance (RBF) approaches for the provision of basic services to low-income communities,with efficiency, transparency and accountability.
In Ghana, output-based aid (OBA) was used to improve affordability for households in crowded low-income areas of the Greater Accra Metropolitan Area (GAMA) to invest in improved household toilets. OBA was provided as a subsidy to reduce the upfront cost for toilets and stimulate demand, which in turn made it more attractive for financial institutions to enter this market.
In Ghana, blended finance helped improve affordability for rural Ghanaian household investments in off-grid renewable energy technologies. Local banks extended credit blended with concessional finance from the World Bank to rural low-income households for acquisition, installation and maintenance of solar home systems (SHSs).
In Ghana, where electricity grid access is relatively high for Sub-Saharan Africa, millions of people in small rural communities or on isolated islands cannot be reached through grid extension. A successful GPOBA project supported the purchase of solar home systems and PV lanterns for 16,500 households in remote, off-grid areas.