Globally, around 1.1 billion people live without access to electricity. Ensuring universal access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy by 2030 is one of the Sustainable Development Goals adopted in 2015. GPOBA supports the energy access goal using output-based approaches to service delivery for low-income communities through subsidies linked to actual results achieved. OBA specifically targets poor populations, it helps to ensure that the benefits of infrastructure investment reach those most in need. GPOBA has been working in the energy sector since 2006, and the energy portfolio comprises almost half of the portfolio.