Output-based Aid and Carbon Finance

Carbon finance is an output-based approach to mitigating climate change. Under the Kyoto Protocol’s project-based mechanisms—the Clean Development Mechanism and Joint Implementation— projects in developing and transition economies that reduce greenhouse gas emissions can receive “carbon credits…

Date: 2006

Type: OBApproaches

Tags: Climate Change

Output-Based Aid in the Philippines: Improving Electricity Supply on Remote Islands

The Philippines has introduced an output-based aid (OBA) subsidy scheme to improve electricity supply on remote islands as a way to enhance living standards in the poor communities there. The subsidy, to come from a national fund financed by a surcharge on all electricity users, will be paid to…

Date: 2006

Type: OBApproaches

Tags: Energy, Fragile Situations

Regulation of Water and Sanitation Services: Getting Better Service to Poor People

Output-based aid (OBA) approaches to improving water and sanitation service can work in a variety of circumstances. Such OBA schemes require an understanding of the impact of existing regulatory arrangements have on water services to poor customers. The design of OBA schemes should therefore…

Date: 2006

Type: OBA Working Papers

Tags: Water and Sanitation

Connecting Residential Households to Natural Gas: An Economic & Financial Analysis

The natural gas market has changed considerably in Egypt the country has evolved as a major international gas exporter. Industrial customers in the domestic market are increasingly relying on natural gas to meet their energy needs. Natural gas is already used as a major source of energy and…

Date: 2006

Type: OBA Working Papers

Tags: Energy

Lessons Learned in Infrastructure Services Provision: Reaching the Poor

A key measure of the effectiveness of public spending on infrastructure is the extent to which it benefits poor people. In recent years policymakers and development practitioners have increasingly sought to understand why earlier approaches to infrastructure development often bypassed the poor…

Date: 2006

Type: OBA Working Papers

Tags: Energy, Water and Sanitation